List of countries of the European Union

It is customary to call the eurozone countries where, instead of the national currency, Euro (the common European currency) circulates in circulation.

As of 2023, the EU includes:

  1. Austria
  2. Belgium
  3. Bulgaria
  4. Croatia
  5. Cyprus
  6. Czech Republic
  7. Denmark
  8. Estonia
  9. Finland
  10. France
  11. Germany
  12. Greece
  13. Hungary
  14. Ireland
  15. Italy
  16. Latvia
  17. Lithuania
  18. Luxembourg
  19. Malta
  20. Netherlands
  21. Poland
  22. Portugal
  23. Romania
  24. Slovakia
  25. Slovenia
  26. Spain
  27. Sweden

* Хорватия с 1 января 2023 года вступила в Шенгенскую зону и официально стала членом зоны евро и начала использовать единую европейскую валюту вместо своей национальной валюты куна.

EU countries that have not switched to Euro currency:

  1. Bulgaria
  2. Czech Republic
  3. Denmark
  4. Hungary
  5. Lithuania
  6. Poland
  7. Romania
  8. Sweden

Countries that are not members of the European Union, but have switched to Euro currency:

  1. The Vatican, San Marino, Andorra and Monaco are dwarf states of Europe that are not formally part of the European Union
  2. Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, Reunion – overseas departments of France
  3. Madeira and the Azores – islands that are part of Portugal
  4. Serbian province of Kosovo – controlled by international peacekeeping forces
  5. Montenegro

Countries awaiting EU membership:

  1. Turkey – Application since 1987
  2. Macedonia – 2004
  3. Montenegro – 2008
  4. Albania – 2009
  5. Serbia – 2009
  6. Bosnia and Herzegovina – 2022 *

* In Brussels on 13 December 2022, the EU Member States agreed to grant Bosnia and Herzegovina the status of a candidate country for membership in the Community. This was reported by Agence France-Presse (AFP), citing a diplomatic source. According to him, the corresponding decision was made by the ministers of the EU countries for European affairs.

The entry date for these countries is unknown.

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